Nightingales in a Garden

X is generally regarded as the national poet of Y and also as “the thinker of Y”. He was a lecturer at the Government College, Lahore at that time, and was invited by student Lala Har Dayal to preside over a function. Instead of delivering a speech, he sang Z. It represented a yearning and attachment towards India, essentially a Hindu state. X was still in his idealistic phase and hoped for a secular society in India.

However his sojourn in Europe transformed his outlook and then he wrote another similar poem with the same rhyming scheme, but with a more Muslim centric view. Two decades later he proposed the creation of a separate nation state Y.

India however loves the poem. Prime minister Manmohan Singh and India’s first cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma have both referenced this .

Answer everything.

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